Prunus domestica L. e Prunus salicina Lindl
Originated in the mid-west region of Asia more than 2000 years ago, plums were spread throughout the world and developed into several varieties. In Brazil, the South and Southeast regions, and the Chapada Diamantina, in Bahia, stand out as top producers of the fruit. Among the most well-known varieties in the country are santa rosa (with red skin), the stanley (oblong, with purple skin), and amarelinha (with yellow skin). In addition to fresh consumption, the fruit is used to prepare jams and cakes, among other recipes. Dried plums, also known as prunes, are present in at least two classic Brazilian desserts: Manjar de coco (coconut blancmange with prune caramel syrup), and Bolo de noiva (literally “bride’s cake”, made with dried fruit and wine), a wedding tradition in Pernambuco.