Capsicum chinense

This name, as many others in the hot pepper world, may cause confusion because many hot peppers are called “pimenta-de-cheiro” (literally “fragrant-pepper”) in Portuguese. In states like Piauí and Maranhão, this variety is used to season most dishes, as it is usually added to refogado (sautéed onion and/or garlic − the starting point of many Brazilian dishes). But it also appears in the Southeast, Midwest, and North regions, and in other states of the Northeast. It is very aromatic and spicy.