Mangifera indica L.
Native to Southeast Asia and produced in Brazil since the second half of the eighteenth century, according to Brazilian author Câmara Cascudo, the fruit adapted very well to the climate. It is grown mostly in the Northeast and Southeast regions, but consumed throughout the country. The large and leafy trees provide shade to several streets and avenues in Brazil, especially in Belém do Pará, known as the “mango tree city”. With thin, smooth skin that varies from yellow to red, the Haden variety originated in Florida, U.S., just over a century ago. The large fruits weighing up to 21 oz. have a yellow pulp that is not too fibrous. They are excellent fresh and can be used to prepare ice creams, juices and several desserts, especially those served cold, such as mousses.