Foeniculum vulgare

THESE SEEDS HAVE A distinctive and yet delicate flavor, and can sometimes be confused with aniseeds (Pimpinella anisum L.). They are extensively used in Brazil to prepare herbal infusions; to season fish, poultry, soups, sauces, and sausages; to flavor cakes and other pastry items, such as the classic broa de milho (cornmeal cream puffs) and the bolo de fubá (Brazilian- style corn bread). Brought to Brazil by Italian immigrants, it is grown mainly in Paraná, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Sergipe and Bahia. Fun fact: what we call “seeds” are actually the fruits of the fennel plant.